Algeria had with the Algiers Agreement of 1975 prevented war from breaking out between Iraq and Iran. Border disputes and Kurdish conflict had brought the two nations on a collision course. President Houri Boumediene wanted to prevent such a conflict, because he realized it would further fracture of the Arab world and the African continent […]Read more "The Shah, Saddam Hussein, and Houari Boumediene Meet for the Algiers Agreement (1975)"
The Mauryan Empire was one of India’s greatest ancient states. The significance of this empire was that it extended from Bengal to the Hindu Kush. For the first time the lands of northern India were united. This marked a turning point in Indian history. This was its first imperial unification.The Mauryan Empire owes it birth […]Read more "The Mauryan Empire (321 -185 B.C.E)"
There was a period in which the US favored Iraq as a partner. The Iran-Iraq War began in 1980 and the United States began to tilt toward the government of Saddam Hussein. He was provided computer mainframes, arms, and even chemical weapons with the hope that Iraq could be victorious in the conflict. The Ronald […]Read more "Donald Rumsfeld Meets Saddam Hussein (1983)"
Islam Karimov was the first president of Uzbekistan. His government like others in Central Asia was authoritarian in nature and developed an oppressive political system. The year 2016 saw his death, but the same structures from the era are still in place. Reform seems like an impossibility. Uzbekistan is a relatively new country and after […]Read more "Islam Karimov Era Uzbekistan (1990-2016)"
China and North Korea have been linked together politically since the 1940s. Around this time China had abandoned Maoism and was moving toward a liberalized economy. Under Deng Xiaoping this occurred and it seems that the relationship with North Korea would be complicated. Mao’s leadership contributed to North Korea’s survival in the 1950 to 1953 […]Read more "Kim Il Sung Visits Deng Xiaoping (1991)"
This photograph shows a young Aung San Suu Kyi giving a speech at a political rally during the 1990 Burmese elections. The National League of Democracy was the victor in the elections, but the military nullified the result.She was not running for office, but trying to get the party to win as many seats in […]Read more "Aung San Suu Kyi Addresses a Political Rally (1990)"
Benazir Bhutto became the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan. She was also the first female Prime Minister of a majority Muslim nation. She became active in politics when her father Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was deposed and executed by the military regime of Muhammad Zia Haq. Benazir Bhutto then organized under house arrest […]Read more "Benazir Bhutto Interview (1995)"