The year 1964 Kenneth Kaunda became the first president of Zambia. The federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland dissolved in 1963. The following year, Zambia was declared a republic. Many challenges faced the young country. It had to deal with remaining white minority ruled regimes in Southern Africa, economic development challenges, and the remaining white settlers within its borders. Gaining independence politically was one part of liberation, but economic independence from the UK was another battle to be fought. One method President Kaunda did was to seeking strong alliances with other independent African nations. Ethiopia was the best choice considering its Pan-African stance on foreign policy and being a symbol of African liberation struggle. It was the only African state to resist colonization, maintain independence, and be an exemplary of African solidarity. President Kaunda’s visit to Emperor Selassie was more than just establishing relations. It was an attempt at countering British colonialism and the Apartheid regime. Emperor Selassie realized the importance of building solidarity, especially after the Fascist invasion during the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. When he warned the West about the dangers of Fascism, he was ignored. Security was best left in African hands. This 1964 visit was to ensure that African states in both Southern and Eastern Africa could resist European aggression both politically and militarily.