This is American anti-Japanese propaganda. The Empire of Japan and the United States of America were engaged in conflict in the Pacific during World War II. During the war effort both the Allies and Axis powers produced propaganda materials to get their citizens to support the war effort. The United States justified their actions as “fighting for freedom” while Japan wanted “Asia for Asians.” The disturbing element of war is racial and national hatred. The United States in their propaganda criticized fascism of Italy and Germany, but the Japanese were criticized for their race. The image above depicts a Japanese person as a monkey, an indirect way of dehumanizing people of Japanese descent. Normally, this depiction of being monkey or ape like was directed at African and African Americans. Racist caricature attacked African Americans, Mexicans, and Asians. It was also used against Asians in the United States, but anti-Japanese yellow face depictions became more prevalent in the 1940s. The United States has had a long history of Anti-Asian racism from the Chinese Exclusion Act, the California Alien Land Law, the Immigration Act of 1924, and the internment of Japanese Americans. Anti-Asian racism did not end after World War II. Conflicts that occurred in the Cold War in Korea, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam were continuations of the very imperialism Asians were struggling to free themselves from.