Anwar Sadat and Hosni Mubarak at the Victory Parade celebrating Egypt’s Crossing of the Suez Canal (1981)

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This is a picture of Anwar Sadat and Hosni Mubarak attending a military parade in 1981. It was a celebration of Egypt’s crossing of the Suez Canal. This day of the parade ended with the assassination of Sadat. Anwar Sadat did not follow the Pan-Arab policies of his predecessor Gamal Abdel Nasser. Egypt’s foreign policy shifted more towards the West. The deterioration  in relations with Libya took a worse turn after a failed Pan-Arab merger and a border clash in 1977. When Sadat chose to make peace with Israel, Egypt’s relations with other Arab states declined. The oppression of Palestinians was left unresolved in the Camp David Accords. This not only vexed Pan-Arab nationalists, but radical political Islamists. Islamic Jihad would assassinate Sadat and Honsi Mubarak took over the presidency. Mubarak would remain  president until 2011, when he was overthrown by mass protests.

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